Transparency International, the leading civil society organization fighting corruption worldwide, has released its 18th annual Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) for 2012 which has ranked Ghana 64 out of 176 countries by their perceived levels of public sector corruption.
According to the report released Wednesday, Ghana scored 45 on the CPI out of a clean score of 100. This ranked Ghana 64 among the 176 countries/territories.
It would be recalled that in 2011, Ghana’s CPI score was 3.9 based on the old methodology. If this 2011 score is re-calculated using the new methodology, Ghana’s score for 2011 would have been 46. This means that Ghana’s position on the CPI has dropped implying that Ghana is still not winning the fight against corruption.
However, the score and rank of Ghana showed that the country also performed much better than several other African countries with Eretria, Guinea Bissau and Guinea at the very bottom with a score of 25, 25 and 24, respectively. It must also be noted that six African countries performed better than Ghana with Botswana leading with a score of 65 and ranking 30 globally.
The annual CPI makes an important contribution to raising awareness on the issue of corruption and is a powerful advocacy tool that creates an incentive for governments to act to fight corruption.
This year Transparency International has updated its methodology for computing Corruption Perceptions Index. The updated methodology has been developed following a comprehensive review and consultation process, both within the Transparency International movement and with the help of external experts.
The updated methodology has been reviewed and validated by an independent statistical assessment. For 2012, CPI, Transparency International used the most recent years’ available data (2011 -2012) from each source for each country. To reflect this, the Corruption Perceptions Index is presented on a scale from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).
The data sources used to compile the index include questions relating to the abuse of public power and focus on: bribery of public officials, kickbacks in public procurement, embezzlement of public funds, and on questions that probe the strength and effectiveness of anti-corruption efforts in the public sector. The new methodology will better show changes from one year to the next.
The CPI 2012 scores 176 countries and territories from 0% (highly corrupt) to 100% (very clean) based on perceived levels of public sector corruption. The report revealed that, two-thirds of the 176 countries ranked in the 2012 index score below 50, showing that public institutions need to be more transparent with powerful officials held more accountable.
In a statement to launch the CPI 2012, Transparency International said, “A growing outcry over corrupt governments forced several leaders from office last year, but as the dust has cleared it has become apparent that the levels of bribery, abuse of power and secret dealings are still very high in many countries. Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index 2012 shows corruption continues to ravage societies around the world”.
According to Madam Huguette Labelle, the Chair of Transparency International, “Governments need to integrate anti-corruption actions into all public decision-making. Priorities include better rules on lobbying and political financing, making public spending and contracting more transparent and making public bodies more accountable to people”. Furthermore, “After a year of focus on corruption, we expect governments to take a tougher stance against the abuse of power. The Corruption Perceptions Index 2012 results demonstrate that societies continue to pay the high cost of corruption,” she concluded.
Cobus de Swardt, Managing Director of Transparency International also stated that, “Corruption is the world’s most talked about problem”. He called on the world’s leading economies to lead by example, making sure that their institutions are fully transparent and their leaders are held accountable. According to him, “This is crucial since their institutions play a significant role in preventing corruption from flourishing globally”.